Over 70% of Sub-Saharan Africans work in agriculture, but the sector is faced with challenges such as a heavy reliance on rain, and outdated farming technologies. But two Kenyan university students have a new idea: what if they could build greenhouses to protect crops, and irrigate only when needed using SMS?
Dengue fever has become widespread in the tropical world, causing as many as 390 million infections per year in 128 different countries. Researchers at the University of Malaya (UM) have devised an LED street lamp to capture mosquitoes to curb the spread of dengue and other mosquito-borne illnesses.
More than 40 million people around the world have been displaced by conflict and other emergencies. Many of them end up sleeping under tarps and tents in terrible living conditions, far from the homes they once knew. Now, an architect named Abeer Seikaly has come up with a new shelter design.
A child in the developing world dies every three seconds because of a lack of basic access to health care and medicines. Public health systems in many developing countries are critically underfunded, understocked, and understaffed. However, one organization is taking an idea from the Avon Lady to help solve this problem.
When we think about the needs of refugees, we usually think of basics such as food, water, clothes, and shelter. But in recent weeks, new images have arisen of refugees arriving in Europe by boat, toting smartphones and taking selfies.
South Africa has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates in the world. Although breastfeeding is the single best way to nourish a child and provide immunity, many South African children continue to die of malnutrition. Now, several initiatives are using new techniques to promote and encourage breastfeeding in the country.
Access to medicines and health supplies is particularly challenging in the developing world. In rural areas, clinics and pharmacies often have to deal with expired medicines, unreliable electricity, and lack of basic supplies and equipment. Now one student from Chicago has developed a dependable inventory system to address the supply problem.
India is the world leader in milk production, producing about 91 million tonnes of milk per year. However, Indian milk producers are not realizing their full production potential because they cannot provide adequate nutrition for their cattle. Now, an engineer has created a low-cost feed to help them increase their productivity and their incomes.
Like many developing countries around the world, Indonesia is faced with a difficult and growing garbage problem. Trash leads to illness and diminished quality of life, and many Indonesians must also cope with the high cost of health care. In 2010, a doctor named Gamal Albinsaid devised a new idea to help people access badly needed health insurance and manage their waste and sanitation.
The WHO estimates that up to 1 million people die annually from malaria. While existing diagnostic tests are accurate, they are not as skilled in identifying carriers who don’t show symptoms, but are still able to transmit the disease to other people. That’s why three Dutch developers have created Amplino, a device that aims to eradicate malaria by identifying hard-to-detect cases.