Global humanitarian aid and development flows top more than $100 billion annually, but data on where aid money goes has been historically difficult to find. Now, a new tool called d-portal is bringing greater transparency to aid money and how it is spent.
A study by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that there will be 1.4 million new technology jobs by 2020, and many of those jobs will go unfilled. In her home of Des Moines, Iowa, Nancy Mwirotsi noticed the needs of local African refugee families were enormous. Knowing the need for STEM training to fill future jobs, and the need to support struggling local refugee children, she decided there must be a way to do both.
The world’s 15 most at-risk nations for natural hazards are all coastal, tropical, and developing countries. NGOs and governments are spending billions of dollars to construct sea walls, levees, and other barriers to protect against risk. But unlike natural barriers, artificial ones can be easily destroyed by a single extreme weather event. SNAP is exploring how restoring coastal habitats can protect coastal communities and livelihoods, and reduce fatalities and loss of property.
The Dharavi slum in Mumbai, India is one of the largest in the world and is home to between 300,000 and 1 million people. Violence against women, such as domestic violence, honour killings, and rape, is common. In 2014, SNEHA, an Indian NGO, began using an Android app to identify and report gender-based violence in Dharavi.
The term ‘capacity-building’ has become popular in development circles, particularly in the context of partnering with southern NGOs to improve knowledge and ownership of development initiatives. However, concrete efforts to allow southern NGOs a greater voice have been relatively weak. In April 2015, an African NGO called Adeso released a report outlining the need for a global network of southern NGOs. On the heels of the report, Adeso has announced their aim to do just that.
In Lesotho, only one in three children who start primary school end up completing secondary education. Repetition rates remain high, classrooms are crowded, and teaching resources are limited. Teachers are overburdened and do not have time to hand out homework assignments, resulting in low learning rates outside of the classroom. Sterio.me aims to address these challenges with their new mobile homework program.
Honey has been used for its antibacterial properties for thousands of years, but its use in medicine declined considerably with the advent of modern antibiotic drugs. These drugs are more expensive and more difficult to access in the developing world. However, the healing powers of honey are making a comeback with a new product called Surgihoney.
Each year, millions of people in the developing world are killed by vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccines are administered through injection, meaning a trained professional is required. Vaccines also require a sterile environment and constant refrigeration to remain viable. These requirements are difficult and costly to meet in developing countries. However, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are developing a microneedle patch that can quickly and easily administer vaccines that save lives.
Recurrent drought in the Sahel has become the norm in the past decade, resulting in agricultural decline and periodic famine. There is general recognition that drought-resistant practices are critical, but conventional Western methods are commonly applied to solve these problems. The World Agroforestry Centre is using a technique, called farmer managed natural regeneration (FMNR), which promises to address the issue in a unique way.
Dairy production is a vibrant sector in Kenya that contributes to 4% of GDP annually. Many dairy producers in Kenya are smallholder farmers who own only a few cows, and the milk sold from these cows is often the main source of cash income available to a family. As demand for dairy products increases, farmers need to acquire knowledge in more efficient and more adaptive production techniques. A researcher from PEI is teaching dairy groups in Kenya those new techniques.