Over 70% of Sub-Saharan Africans work in agriculture, but the sector is faced with challenges such as a heavy reliance on rain, and outdated farming technologies. But two Kenyan university students have a new idea: what if they could build greenhouses to protect crops, and irrigate only when needed using SMS?
Access to medicines and health supplies is particularly challenging in the developing world. In rural areas, clinics and pharmacies often have to deal with expired medicines, unreliable electricity, and lack of basic supplies and equipment. Now one student from Chicago has developed a dependable inventory system to address the supply problem.
Shipping containers provide more uses than holding supplies. The practice of “cargotecture” has taken off in recent years, and refurbishes old shipping containers by turning them into sustainable housing options. An organization that formed in 2002, called Clinic in a Can, is transforming shipping containers and utilizing them in a new way: to provide medical attention to those living in remote and rural areas, far away from hospitals or clinics.
The Dharavi slum in Mumbai, India is one of the largest in the world and is home to between 300,000 and 1 million people. Violence against women, such as domestic violence, honour killings, and rape, is common. In 2014, SNEHA, an Indian NGO, began using an Android app to identify and report gender-based violence in Dharavi.
In Lesotho, only one in three children who start primary school end up completing secondary education. Repetition rates remain high, classrooms are crowded, and teaching resources are limited. Teachers are overburdened and do not have time to hand out homework assignments, resulting in low learning rates outside of the classroom. Sterio.me aims to address these challenges with their new mobile homework program.
According to a recent study by the CATO Institute, cell phones can be used to document land ownership through a form of consensus community mapping that, if strong enough, could serve as proof weighty enough to force governments to formally and legally recognize the property rights of millions of displaced persons in the Global South.